In USA, immigration courts have limited jurisdiction to hear cases. under Nationality Act (INA). Federal immigration law courts are part of the department of justice and are located in all of the 50 States.
Pursuant to USA law, immigration judges are authorized under the U.S. Constitution. Therefore, they exercise immigration matters.
Immigration judges do not have the power to offer advisory opinions, as it would be in violation of the power afforded them under the Administrative Procedures Act.
Generally, removal proceedings do not start until there is a conviction that is final.
Immigration proceedings are considered civil litigation matters. Only attorneys in immigration law have the skills to represent individuals in federal courts.
Immigration law provides immigration lawyers could practice in any immigration court of the country, as long as they are licensed in at least one USA jurisdiction.
An immigration appeal must be filed within 30 days from the day the decision of the immigration judge is served on the respondent and the attorney for the U.S. government.
An unfavorable decision of the BIA can be appealed to a USA Court of Appeals. During the Federal Appeals process, it will be necessary to make a motion for a stay of execution of the decision,
Deportation cases are sensitive matters and laws provide that an unfavorable outcome can result in a permanent ban, or make an immigrant permanently ineligible for US Citizenship.